In the 19th century, there was a movement for Independence in India and effects of which were felt on a smaller scale in Goa as well. After India gained independence in 1947, Goa was still under Portuguese rule for 14 years.
When India got its independence, Goa’s liberation achieved its confidence and initiated multiple agitations. In the late 1940s, Goans also took part in Satyagraha. While the government took no military action at the time of India’s Independence, it did hold a series of diplomatic talks with the Portuguese to begin the liberation of Goa. Finally, as the talks failed to produce any results, the Indian government opted to use its military option to liberate Goa.
The then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru sent armed forces to which the Portuguese surrendered and the coastal state acquired its liberation on December 19, 1961.
Then Goa was annexed into the Indian Union and became the Union Territory of India along with Daman and Diu.
There was an issue related to the merger of Goa into Maharashtra state. But it was resolved by a plebiscite in which the majority of the Goan residences were against the merger.
Goa continued to be a Union Territory till 1987 and then was given statehood by becoming the 25th state of India.
The day plays a significant role as it might surprise you that Goa did not gain its independence like the other states of India. It was liberated in 1961 and became completely free from foreign rule.
The Portuguese ruled over Goa for more than 450 years and history marks the fight against them in the 18th and 19th centuries.
So, finally, on June 18, 1946, the movement of Goas liberation gathered its power under Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia who gathered young Goan to get Goa liberated. Since then, the day is now observed as Goa Revolution Day.
This year the celebration consists of a women’s parliament and a youth parliament etc.
PM Modi is a part of inauguration projects like the renovated Fort Aguada Jail Museum in North Goa, the Super Specialty Block at the Goa Medical College and Hospital, the New South Goa District Hospital, Aviation Skill Development Center at Mopa Airport, and the Gas-insulated Substation at Dabolim-Navelim, Margao which will be held on Goa Liberation Day i.e. 19th December.2021 in Goa.
After a year of celebrating the state’s Silver Jubilee, the state government has organised various events on the theme ‘Goa@60’.